This is not about hazards of surface navigation in boats designed for the opposite.
If your day has been as rainy as mine, a little sleuthing can be entertaining. Since my submarine background was in the Cold War, but since that war may have 'begun to ice again', here's a good place to start:
Sturgeon-class SSNs, the 637 class attack submarines were work horses of the submarine fleet throughout the Cold War. Try these samples ...
All Sturgeons were designed to surface through ice, with a reinforced sail and diving planes capable of rotating all the way to vertical. Those in Squadron 4 all had modified designs. Sunfish had a polymer bow for enhanced sonar reception.
The Glenard P. Lipscomb was a trials submarine which was completed using a large electric motor for main propulsion rather than direct drive from the steam turbines.
Beginning with Archerfish (SSN-678) units of this class had a 10-foot (3.0 m) longer hull, giving them more living and working space than previous submarines. Parche (SSN-683) received an addition 100-foot (30 m) hull extension containing research and development equipment that brought her total length to 401 feet (122 m). A number of the long hull Sturgeon class SSNs, including Parche, Rivers, and Russell were involved in top secret reconnaissance missions, including cable tap operations in the Barents and Okotsk seas.
The foregoing are found here
on Wikipedia. Details of this nature were not available on Wikipedia when I checked a couple of years ago. Interesting sources, we may believe or not:
The Narwhal was NOT a sturgeon class submsrine, nor was it an S5W propulsion plant; it was a one-of-a-kind ship with an S5G propulsion plant. CORRECT, according to another Wikipedia article.
Continuing on the same theme in more current times, here's a nice quote: [Jimmy] Carter said he expects the crew to use the submarine’s “extraordinary capabilities — many top secret — to preserve peace, to protect our country and to keep high the banner of human rights around the world.”
This related link
was also interesting, if somewhat mysterious.
Time for more?
Sturgeon class as Spy Ships - one reader wrote this under the Wikipedia article's discussion heading:
I was wondering if anyone had any info on the "Holystone" modification some subs of this class had and exactly what it entailed system-wise.
Now, if you do a little research with Google, Holystone
references are easily found. So easy
, in fact, that the guy who asked 'if anyone had any info
' above must have asked just to make us look.
By the way, the wooden-decks origin of 'holystone' is accurate. Submarines are always silent and strange. On rainy days, they make very nice research topics to boot!
Labels: Sunfish Libscomb Archerfish Parche Narwhal Sturgeon class Holystone