Monday, January 16, 2017

Life on a Small North Korean Submarine

Background

Living in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is strictly regulated under a legal system based on the Prussian Legal System the Best (according to 19th c. Japan) and Communist legal theory. Credible facts about everyday life in North Korean have not flowed as freely as cheerful claims by its leaders.  Credible facts about the DPRK's military have been even more cloistered.  According to the CIA's The World Factbook [color emphasis mine], 18 is presumed to be the legal minimum age for compulsory military service; 16-17 is the presumed legal minimum age for voluntary service (2012).

We wonder what crewing may be like for North Korea's submarine sailors.  Intriguing clues are available from public sources outside of the DPRK in two rare cases that came to the attention of external authorities and news media.

Example One:  Penalty for participation in spy sub's failure

SEOUL— The bodies of nine North Korean sailors and agents were discovered Friday inside a captured North Korean midget submarine, shot and killed in what South Korean officials called an apparent murder-suicide.

Officials said there were signs of a struggle inside the submarine, as four North Korean agents apparently shot themselves to death after first killing five sailors.

South Korean authorities also said there were indications that the vessel, which was captured after becoming entangled in a fisherman's net off the South Korean coast Monday, had been on a spy mission, leaving them divided about how much of an issue to make of this latest North Korean incursion. 


North Korea's Version of Events
The submarine sank as it was being towed into port, it was unclear if this was as a result of damage or a deliberate scuttling by the crew.[3] On 23 June the Korean Central News Agency admitted that a submarine had been lost in a training accident.

Later, 
On 25 June the submarine was salvaged [not by North Korea] from a depth of approximately 100 feet (30 m) and the bodies of 9 crewmen were recovered, 5 sailors had apparently been murdered while 4 agents had apparently committed suicide.[5] The presence of South Korean drinks suggested that the crew had completed an espionage mission.[6] Log books found in the submarine showed that it had infiltrated South Korean waters on a number of previous occasions.[7]  The bodies of the members of submarine crew were subsequently buried in the Cemetery for North Korean and Chinese Soldiers.[8]
 

Example Two:  Death benefit to families of submariners 

March 11, 2016 - USNI NEWS |  U.S. Official: North Korean Submarine is Missing, Presumed Sunk

Subsequently, a South Korean news outlet has claimed the sub was sunk and "improved housing" awarded to the families of the sailors lost. (This news has subsequently been removed from the internet). Draw your own conclusions.

Submarines are always silent and strange.

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Wednesday, January 11, 2017

U.S. Navy's Advanced Tactics: Autonomous Swarming & Spoofing

Yesteryear

Molten Eagle first heralded the swarming concept in September of 2005.  Eleven years later the U.S. is closer to fleet deployment at will.  By 2013, ME had also realized and predicted that one of the best uses of AUVs was going to be spoofing enemy surface and submarine warships.

Although the U.S. Navy has yet to admit spoofing acoustic signals to mimic subs of foreign nations, this has been a useful practice for half a century.  The possibilities to decoy and to deceive (false flag) are practically endless. No navy wants to boast about such capabilities, however.

So as seas fill with costly subs from more nations than ever, operated by seamen (and women) with less experience than ever, and needing more refueling and in-port maintenance than U.S. nuclear subs do, advantage beneath the seas is assured in peacetime.  

But as foreign sailors eventually learn to operate their subs as quietly and safely as designed, the noises of age will begin plaguing their vaunted and costly vessels whether AIPs or nucs.  Overdue maintenance prematurely ruins missions with embarrassing tows back to port. Have you noticed how often tugs have accompanied foreign (even Chinese and Russian) subs far from their homeports?

The Future...


In wartime advantage will be leveraged by the abilities of U.S. surface vessels, aircraft and subs to launch specialized AUVs in overwhelming numbers.  Spoofing? Of course! But for now, read on to see only what IS admittedly available (video, also).

Submarines are always silent and strange.

 

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Thursday, January 05, 2017

Financing ISIS Below the Rio Grande

August 3, 2016 ...   RED FLAG [WARNING]

"Worse Than Ransom: $400 Million in Cash from U.S. to top state TERROR sponsor"
  • Cash makes tracing proceeds to end receivers extremely difficult.  
  • "What will IRAN do with $400 Millions in euros, Swiss francs and other currencies flown to Tehran on a cargo plane?"  ANS: Whatever Iran wishes.
  • P.O.T.U.S. and his State Department will have plausible deniability if some portion of it is sent to Venezuela under the guise of sorely needed "food assistance", then funneled off to support Latin American versions of ISIS.

 December 28, 2016 ... 


  • "Venezuela, Mexico, Peru and Chile also have large and rapidly growing Muslim populations. Trinidad and Tobago, Caribbean islands on the northern edge of Latin America, are identified as “especially worrisome” because local authorities reported that 70 of their citizens traveled to Syria and Iraq to join ISIS."
  • The report cites a 2012 article in a military publication from Trinidad that compares the growth of radical Islam in the country to a group of violent Muslims that tried to overthrow the government in 1990. 
  •  "The top Al Qaeda leader in Mexico was identified in the State Department records, via a September 2004 cable from the American consulate in Ciudad Juárez, as Adnan G. El Shurkrjumah. ...  [B]efore he died Shukrijumah helped plan several U.S. attacks, including plots to bomb Oprah Winfrey’s studio and detonate nuclear devices in multiple American cities."


Submarines are always silent and strange. 

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Tuesday, January 03, 2017

Definition: "The Crisis for ISIS"

Related information can be found in our earlier posting.  Please accept our apology for being a day later than promised in the earlier post. Adverse Weather interfered with a return schedule

NOTE:  Baghdad Sacked by the Mongol Army's seige that ended February 10th 1258.
 
Submarines are always silent and strange.

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Thursday, December 22, 2016

Only 29 More Days Until the "CRISIS for ISIS" Begins

Molten Eagle plans to resume posts Monday, 2 JAN 17, 25 days before the "CRISIS for ISIS" finally starts in earnest. Soon thereafter, ISIS's desperation will become very apparent as its petulant leaders struggle successively for declining relevance with barbaric acts against humanity. 

For now we must still wait patiently, but soon All the World's Legitimate Religions Including peaceful Muslims should Rejoice!

Submarines are always silent and strange. 

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Wednesday, December 21, 2016

ANSWERS: Post Cold War Sub QOTW [18 DEC 2016]

Related information, photo(s) and links for questions are found in the original posting.

Our Post Cold War Submarine Questions & Answers

1 - Which is the most appropriate explanation for the symbol (inset) displayed on the foremost centerline, at eye-level of the sub's sail (above)?  ANS: (e) Russian sailors painted the "kill marking" on their sail  commemorating the ostensible “defeat” of the USS Baton Rouge since the latter was not returned to service due to damage in the 1992 collision. [Instead, the Baton Rouge was belatedly placed in restrictive "reserve" status and by January 1995, with costly nuclear refueling and repairs rejected, SSN-689 became the first LA-class sub decommissioned after a mere 17½ years in commission.] 

2 - Identify the submarine above (class, unit ID number, & name).  ANS: The SIERRA I class (Project 945), B-276, ‘Kostroma’ (formerly K-276 Crab until 1992).


3 - Identify the submarine below  (class, unit ID number, & name).  ANS: Same as # 2.

4 - Which is the most appropriate description for the object being hoisted to/from the sub's sail (photo directly above)?  ANS: (e) The object is an escape pod for a few crew. Note that the nominal crew complement was 59 men of whom only a few could fit in such a small escape capsule. Successor SIERRA-II boats had a longer sail with two escape pods. Note the sail damage from the collision between the subs (bottom photo above).

5 - What year is considered the final year of the Cold War? ANS: December 1991, coincident with the
Soviet Union's collapse. 

Submarines are always silent and strange. 

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Sunday, December 18, 2016

Post Cold War Submarine QOTW - 18 DEC 2016

Submarine Questions of the Week

Part I


1 - Which is the most appropriate explanation for the symbol (inset) displayed on the foremost centerline, at eye-level of the sub's sail (above)?

----(a) The sub was the first of its class (specify its class).
----(b) The sub received its nation's excellence award the month before (specify award date).
----(c) The sub's commanding officer was the fleet's commodore (specify the commodore).
----(d) The sub's commanding officer was the fleet commodore's son (specify the C.O.).
----(e) The sub was credited with decommissioning a U.S. submarine (specify the U.S. sub).  

2 - Identify the submarine above (class, unit ID number, & name).

3 - Identify the submarine below  (class, unit ID number, & name).

Part II

4 - Which is the most appropriate description for the object being hoisted to/from the sub's sail (photo directly above)?

----(a)  Object was a high-yield ballistic missile warhead (specify mega tons).
----(b)  Object was a low-yield warhead (specify kilo tons).
----(c)  Object was a high-yield rocket warhead (specify type of high explosive).
----(d)  Object was a satellite (specify type: spy, gps, communications, other.).
----(e)  Object was an escape capsule for sub's crew (specify crew size).  

5 - What year is considered the final year of the Cold War?

ANSWERS: Wednesday, 21 DEC 16.

Submarines are always silent and strange.
  

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