A Bloody Nose, Sexual Harassment and a Deserter (after _?_ days) - Part 2
Implications are being swept under the carpet...
Continuation from background in Monday's Part 1 ...
THERE ARE PLENTY of technical problems on the way to Mars: how to avoid excess radiation, maintain food supplies, and generally not die. But the real hazard between here and there is going nuts. That's why this spring, six participants in the European Space Agency and Russia's Institute for Biomedical Problems's Mars500 program are going to lock themselves in a series of metal tubes in a facility in Moscow for 520 days, rougly the time it should take to travel 100 million miles to Mars, spend 30 days there, and return. ... A similar experiment by the Institute for Biomedical Problems in 1999 ended in a bloody nose, sexual harassment and a deserter-after only 110 days.
Readers will note the type of notorious, 1999 experiment (Sphinx-99) had been recommended in 1997 by a NASA TASK Force in Final Report on Countermeasures [APPENDIX F-3, recommendations of the Behavior and Performance Working Group (BPWG), BPWG's eleven General recommendations, found on page F-10]:
The experiment attracted international attention as several crimes were committed in the station. Two Russian astronauts committed battery, assault and attempted murder and one of them –the Russian commander- also sexually assaulted and harassed Judith Lapierre. Russian officials tried to minimize these incidents but the Canadian reaction against the sexual assault virtually derived in a diplomatic conflict.
At several occasions during the 110-day experiment, Judith Lapierre reported that she feared she would be sexually attacked. However, Russian authorities did nothing to protect her, in part because they were interested in studying human reaction, including criminal and deviant behavior, to isolation in outer space.
What we were not told: The Russians miscreants had been in the modules for six months (> 180 days), not just 110 days. Furthermore, Russian space psychologists alleged Dr. Judith Lapierre exhibited hysteria and depression during the experiment. The Russians also suggested that she had unintentionally provoked the Russian misbehavior. Under pressure from the Canadian Space Agency, however, the Russians backed off on their charges. more.
In late 2007, a 14-day 'quickie' experiment inside the Mars-500 facility was conducted. The all- Russian crew included 5 men and 1 woman (Marina Petrovna Tugusheva). What conclusion was drawn from a mere 14 days isolation? Here:
The female presence in the crew did not prove disruptive as all knew that they had to behave professionally. Women in future crews are now a possibility – previously they [women] were not to be included. [color emphasis added]
Submarines are always silent and strange. Things are about to get stranger.